Ambassador Boris Ruge is Vice Chairman of the Munich Security Conference. He previously served as Director Middle East/North Africa at the Foreign Office in Berlin, as German Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, and as Deputy Ambassador in the US. Having joined the Foreign Service in 1989, much of Ambassador Ruge’s career has been focused on security policy. He worked on European Security and Defense Policy at the Foreign Office and was seconded to NATO Headquarters in Brussels during the Kosovo air campaign. He also served as chief political adviser to two successive Commanders of NATO’s Kosovo Force. Ambassador Ruge holds a master’s degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill as well as a diploma in international studies from Johns Hopkins/SAIS. He is a graduate of the 2005 course of the Royal College of Defence Studies, London.