Arkady Moshes is Program Director for the EU Eastern Neighborhood and Russia research program at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (Helsinki) and a member of the Program on New Approaches to Research and Security in Eurasia (PONARS Eurasia), currently at George Washington University. He received his Ph.D. in history of international relations from the Russian Academy of Sciences (1992). Before moving to Finland in 2002, he had been since 1988 working in the Institute of Europe in Moscow. From 2008 to 2015 he was an associate fellow of the Russia and Eurasia Program at Chatham House. He has authored a large number of academic and analytical publications and is a frequent media commentator. He co-edited What has remained of the USSR: Exploring the erosion of the post-Soviet space (FIIA report 58, 2019) and Russia as a Network State: What Works in Russia When State Institutions Do Not (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), and contributed articles to, among others, International Affairs (2012), Post-Soviet Affairs (2016) and Demokratizatsiya (2021).